Child Labor is really a commonly heard term nowadays. Varying definitions from the term are created by international organizations, non-governmental organizations and trade unions.
According to the international conventions anyone who is below the age of 18 is considered a young child however the figure may vary from one country to another depending on government policies.
Child labor means ‘any kind of work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way whether it is physically, mentally, morally or by depriving a child of education’. Quite simply child labor is ‘the employment of kids within certain age which is determined by what the law states or custom’. Such practice is recognized as exploitative by many people countries worldwide.
Child labor is quite common in places like factories, mining, prostitution, quarrying, agriculture etc. Apart from these there are some children who act as tourist guides and also as waiters in several restaurants. Still some others have to work as beggars or assembling boxes, polishing shoes, cleaning, employed in tobacco related factories.
There exist two different ways of thinking on this too. There are several who do not think about this as exploitation so long as the kid pays well. You have the other clan which considers their working itself as exploitation.
Not all work is considered harmful to children. The most widely rejected form of child labor includes the military utilization of the children as well as child prostitution. There are several works which are less controversial as well as easily accepted by society like child actors, child singers, agricultural work outside of the school year or being in business that is run in addition to the school hours.
Based on UNICEF, an astounding quantity of 250 million children aged 2 to 17 are put through child labor worldwide. Child labor is recognized as bad for the private development of a child since education is a primary right associated with a child to ensure that he might shape his future.
In many developed countries, child labor of any sort is prohibited and considered inappropriate or exploitative. The minimum age depends on the nation and its child labor laws. In the United States, the set minimum age to operate in almost any establishment without parents consent and restrictions reaches a time of 16. In developing countries like India and Bangladesh what the law states child labor younger than 14 is prohibited.
However, this law is continuously been ignored. Children as early as 11 years go to work for almost 20 hours a day and perhaps, even more, making goods for foreign companies in a wages of 6 and half cents per item or fewer. Some poor families often rely on their kids for survival and in some cases the kid is the only income source. Such situations often go unnoticed or get hidden away due to s not being in the industrial sector which is considered to be the largest child exploiter.
The UN and also the International Labor Organization consider any kind of child labor as exploitative. According to them, the kid has a certain right, and the right states that, “the child is to be protected against any economic exploitation and from performing any kind of work that is hazardous or which will hinder the youngsters education, or that is harmful to the child’s health be it physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development”.
Child labor involves at least one of the following characteristics:
Violates a nation’s minimum age laws
Threatens children’s physical, mental, or emotional well-being
Involves intolerable abuse, such as child slavery, child trafficking, debt bondage, forced labor, or illicit activities
Prevents children from going to school
Uses children to undermine labor standards