The Bill of Rights is one of the cornerstones of American freedoms, and it is in place to safeguard the rights of the citizens. The balance of Rights was set up in order to ensure that individuals are guaranteed numerous personal freedoms, which the government does not become so powerful regarding present a threat to the population.
The Bill of Rights limits the government’s power with regards to issues for example judicial proceedings. It contains 10 Amendments that are focused on protecting the citizenry. The First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech, press, assembly and petition. The Second Amendment provides to bear arms, while the Third Amendment protects the citizens’ rights to allow or deny the quartering of troops. The Fourth Amendment offers search and seizure rights and protects citizens from searches with no warrant. The 5th to 10th Amendments are concerned with the proper to due process in the court, the authority to jury trial and counsel, common law suits, cruel punishments, non-enumerated rights and also the rights reserved to individuals. The Bill of Rights essentially protects the citizenry, which makes it probably the most important bits of legislation in any government system.
That which was Its Purpose?
The reaction to this contains a two part answer: (1) the Bill of Rights was written to get the Constitution ratified; (2) The balance of Rights’ purpose is the same as those of the Constitution, to limit government.
Ratification of the Constitution
One of the leading purposes behind the Bill of Rights ended up being to save the Constitution and also the nation.
The Constitutional convention convened in 1787 in Philadelphia, its original intent being the rewriting from the Articles of Confederation. The 55 delegates soon remarked that for that new nation to succeed, they’d need to discard the Articles of Confederation and create a new government. After months of deliberation, the Constitution was finished, but would it be approved?
An ideological argument accompanied the completion of the document. Many delegates feared a too powerful central government and wished to give a Bill of Rights to avoid governmental abuses. Others felt a Bill of Rights unnecessary, considering government had no authority to allow natural rights–life, liberty, and property, for example–and that by granting rights, governments, later on, could eliminate rights and prohibit rights not expressly guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
It became increasingly clear, however, the US Constitution, with no Bill of Rights, wouldn’t be ratified. The delegates, who’d through the convention miraculously solved numerous insurmountable issues, approved ten amendments towards the Constitution, the last two granting all rights not provided to the nation’s government to individuals or to America.
Limitation of presidency
08 30 05(15-13-06) Christy constitution xl
Some Congressional delegates feared a brand new constitution vesting power inside a central government would lead to the same tyranny and oppression they’d just overthrown. Twelve amendments, a Bill of Rights, were proposed to limit the strength of government. Of the twelve, ten found their way as amendments to the US Constitution.
A number of these Bill of Rights are intended in direct response to British actions during the colonial period: the very first amendment continued the tradition of spiritual dissent established by several from the continent’s original settlers; colonists found it difficult to procure arms to protect themselves against the British militia, resulting in the second amendment; the 3rd amendment prohibits the forced quartering of troops in someone’s home, a common occurrence in colonial America; the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th amendments were as a result of unfair British practices toward those accused of crimes, including the scheduling of trials in distant locales after much time had passed.
The 9th and 10th amendments limited the federal government’s power by granting powers not granted to the federal government to individual states (the tenth amendment) or individual citizens (the 9th amendment).
Today: A phone call to Action
The founding fathers wrote the Constitution to control human instinct. They understood the natural inclination of rulers to want more power. Because the authorities grow larger by the day, it’s imperative that citizens of the us demand their elected officials go back to the Constitution for guidance.